Travis Olander 12.21.22
The UV-5R has loads of options, however it may be tough to arrange. This information covers all 40 capabilities of the UV-5R Menu in depth, instructing you tips on how to configure channels and superior capabilities.
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Accessing The UV-5R Menu
Energy on the radio. The antenna doesn’t must be related. Press the MENU button on the keypad. Whereas programming, place your radio on LOW energy. To do that, press the # button. You will notice an “H”, “M”, or “L” within the top-left nook of the display, indicating HIGH, MEDIUM, and LOW energy. In case your keypad will not be functioning, it is likely to be locked. A small key icon subsequent to the display’s battery indicator shall be current. Press and maintain the # button to unlock the keypad.
How the Menu Works
The UP and DOWN arrows assist you to navigate by way of all menu choices. You possibly can soar to particular choices by typing in that choice’s menu quantity. For instance, urgent MENU and keying in “14” will carry you to choice 14, which controls the radio’s voice prompts. The MENU button additionally acts because the ENTER and SAVE/CONFIRM button. When you navigate to the choice you want to modify, press the MENU button a second time to entry the choice’s out there decisions.
Choose the selection you wish to use with the UP/DOWN arrows, or by typing within the crucial worth with the keypad. Then press the MENU button a 3rd time to SAVE/CONFIRM the selection. The EXIT button brings you again to the primary display.
(The Essential Settings, First)
Should you simply wish to get your UV-5R up and operating, concentrate on these settings. To study extra about what every one does, reference the listing of choices additional down within the information.
- Squelch (Choice 0). We suggest setting your squelch to 1 to five. One is minimal sensitivity, 5 is average. Something larger, and also you won’t hear incoming transmissions.
- TXP (Choice 2). To make sure you get good vary, set transmit energy (TXP) to HIGH. Whereas programming and utilizing your radio at shut vary, set it to LOW.
- SAVE (Choice 3). Flip off “Battery Saver”. Having this on might end in missed transmissions.
- TDR (Choice 7). The UV-5R can monitor two frequencies without delay. With TDR on, the radio will swap to whichever frequency is receiving a sign (A or B). We’re not suggesting you flip this on or off — it’s private choice. However hold it in thoughts.
- Voice (Choice 14). Bored with the UV-5R supplying you with annoying voice prompts? Flip this selection off.
- AL-MOD (Choice 32). Make sure the Alarm Mode is about to “SITE”. Holding down the orange CALL button will journey an annoying alarm. The “SITE” mode solely journeys the alarm on the radio’s speaker. The opposite choices will transmit that alarm over the air, annoying anybody who’s listening.
Choice 0: Squelch
Squelch acts like a noise gate, or filter. It ranges from 0 to 10. When set to 0, the chosen frequency or channel shall be energetic always. You’ll hear static if nobody is transmitting. Setting Squelch to 1 offers probably the most sensitivity with out listening to static always. This lets you obtain weak or damaged transmissions. Greater Squelch decreases sensitivity, permitting solely robust or close by transmission to come back by way of.
Choice 1: Step
Frequency stepping. This determines how a lot the frequency goes up or down when urgent the UP/DOWN arrows, or if you’re scanning. That is solely relevant in VFO (Frequency) Mode. By default, the UV-5R steps up or down in 25 KHz increments.
Choice 2: TXP
Transmit energy. Its operate is redundant to the # key. Some UV-5Rs have “HIGH” and “LOW” choices, for minimal and most energy. Newer fashions embrace a “MEDIUM” choice, which operates at half energy. The bottom UV-5R can transmit at 1 or 4 watts. Some variants can function at 5, 8, or 10 watts.
Choice 3: Save
Battery saver. Enabling it reduces how typically the radio listens for transmissions. Its values vary between OFF, and 1 to 4. The upper the worth, the much less typically the radio listens. We don’t suggest utilizing this operate. When enabled, it’s possible you’ll not choose up transmission from those that are trying to contact you. That is undesirable in an emergency scenario.
Choice 4: VOX
With VOX enabled, the radio will robotically transmit when it hears your voice. The out there ranges (1 to 10) dictate how delicate the VOX is. This operate is beneficial when it is advisable use the radio hands-free, or if you’re utilizing a headset.
Choice 5: WN
Narrowband or Wideband. The latter choice offers higher protection and vary. Narrowband is beneficial for decreasing interference between customers transmitting and receiving on related frequencies.
Choice 6: ABR
Automated Backlight. Values vary from 0 (at all times off) to 10 (seconds till the backlight turns off).
Choice 7: TDR
Twin Obtain Operate. When enabled, the radio will concurrently monitor and obtain transmissions on each A and B channels or frequencies you’ve chosen on the primary display. Turning off TDR permits you to pressure the radio to solely monitor the road you’ve chosen with the A/B button.
Choice 8: Beep
This operate turns the important thing press beeps on or off.
Choice 10: TOT
Transmit over time. This operate’s values vary from 0 (off) to 600 seconds. This governs the size of time till transmission ceases, even when the PTT button is held. Turning this operate off permits for steady transmission so long as PTT is held.
Choices 10-13: R-DCS / R-CTCS / T-DCS / T-CTCS
DCS and CTCS are inaudible tones that your radio transmits (“T-“) or receives (R-“), along with common voice communication. In lay phrases, these tones enable customers to share a single frequency with out interfering with others. Once you and one other radio operator use the identical DCS or CTCS tone, you possibly can discuss to one another privately. Consider it like a one-on-one chatroom inside a bigger server.
In fact, anybody else additionally utilizing the identical tone can hear in or transmit. DCS and CTCS tones are required for accessing repeaters, which operate as vary extenders. There are 50 out there CTCSS tones, and 105 out there DCS tones.
Choice 14: Voice
Like we talked about, this operate dictates what language the radio’s onboard voice immediate makes use of. The prompts might be turned off, too.
Choice 15: ANI-ID
Automated Quantity Identification. This operate permits your radio to broad to different radios a selected ID or callsign in alphanumeric textual content. This could solely be programmed with CHIRP software program. This isn’t relevant to normal use, and must be disregarded.
Choice 16: DTMFST
Twin Tone Multi-Frequency. This operate permits the radio to broadcast button-pressed tones. That is just like urgent buttons on a cellphone’s keypad whereas on a name. The receiver can hear these tones.
Choice 17: S-CODE
Sign Code. This operate works in tandem with DTMF codes. CHIRP is required to program this operate. This isn’t relevant to normal use, and must be disregarded.
Choice 18: SC-REV
Scan Resume Methodology. Choosing TO, CO, or SE tells the radio what to do when it stops scanning to hearken to a transmission on the frequency it discovered.
- TO: The scan stops when a sign is detected, however resumes after 5 seconds.
- CO: The scan stops when a sign is detected, however resumes when it disappears.
- SE: The scan stops completely when a sign is detected. The radio stays on that frequency.
Choice 19: PTT-ID
Push-to-Discuss ID. This operate works in tandem with Choice 17. It determines when an ID is transmitted through the PTT button. Choices enable the ID to be despatched in the beginning (BOT) or finish of a transmission (EOT), or each. This operate will not be relevant to normal use, and must be disregarded.
Choice 20: PTT-LT
Push-to-Discuss Lag Time. It really works in tandem with Choices 17 and 19. This operate will not be relevant to normal use, and must be disregarded.
Choice 21: MDF-A
This feature governs how the highest line on the primary display is displayed. “FREQ” shows the programmed frequency, “CHAN” shows the channel quantity, and “NAME” shows the channel identify if one was entered by the person utilizing CHIRP.
Choice 22: MDF-B
This choices governs how the underside line on the primary display is displayed. Once more, choices embrace “FREQ,” “CHAN,” or “NAME.”
Choice 23: BCL
Busy Channel Lockout. Enabling this operate prevents you from transmitting on a busy frequency. It’s helpful for making certain you don’t interrupt or overpower one other person.
Choice 24: AUTOLK
Automated Keypad Lock. When this operate is enabled, the keypad will lock after 8 seconds.
Choice 25: SFT-D
Frequency Shift Path. This allows the radio to entry repeaters in VFO (Frequency) Mode. Organising a repeater in Freq Mod shall be lined in a standalone information.
Choice 26: OFFSET
Channel Shift Path. This allows the radio to entry repeaters in MR (Channel) Mode. This can even be lined in a standalone information.
Choice 27: MEM-CH
Retailer Channel in Reminiscence. This lets you assign a frequency to a channel within the radio’s reminiscence, saving it for later use. It can save you as much as 128 channels (0 to 127).
Choice 28: DEL-CH
Delete Channel in Reminiscence. Self-explanatory; it’s possible you’ll choose a saved frequency and delete it from the radio’s channel reminiscence.
Choice 29: WT-LED
Show Colour in Standby Mode. This lets you choose the colour of the backlit display when urgent buttons or interacting with the radio.
Choice 30: RX-LED
Show Colour When Receiving. This lets you choose a distinct backlit coloration when the radio is receiving a transmission. That is helpful for monitoring for a transmission if you need the audio muted.
Choice 31: TX-LED
Show Colour When Transmitting. Self-explanatory; choose the backlit coloration that illuminates when the PTT button is pressed to transmit.
Choice 32: AL-MOD
Alarm Mode. Holding down the CALL button on the radio will provoke an audible alarm. This operate determines how that alarm capabilities. “SITE” mode means the alarm solely bursts by way of the radio itself, with out transmitting over a channel or frequency. “TONE” mode will transmit the alarm sound, too. “CODE” mode means the alarm transmits a sequence of numbers as keypad presses. This operate is usually irrelevant and must be disregarded.
Choice 33: BAND
Band Choice. In VFO (Frequency) Mode, this determines whether or not the A or B line is about to VHF or UHF bands. Just like the “BAND” button on older fashions, this operate is irrelevant and must be disregarded.
Choice 34: TDR-AB
With TDR, or “Twin Obtain Operate” (choice 7) enabled, this operate determines which line, A or B (high or backside) the radio returns to after receiving a sign, or when urgent the PTT button. If OFF, the radio will keep on the final frequency whereby it acquired a sign. If set to B, the radio will swap to the B line by default. If set to A, the radio will swap to the A line by default.
Choice 35: STE
Squelch Tail Eliminator. This makes an attempt to eradicate the standard “pop” or burst of static noise on the finish of a transmission or sign. The radio you’re speaking with should additionally assist this operate for it work in your radio.
Choice 36: RP-STE
Squelch Tail Eliminator for Repeaters. This capabilities like Choice 35. The repeater in query should additionally assist this operate for it work in your radio.
Choice 37: RPT-RL
Repeater Lag Time. This dictates how lengthy, after releasing the PTT button, the Repeater Squelch Tail Eliminator waits to kick in. This operate is usually irrelevant and must be disregarded.
Choice 38: PONMSG
Energy-On Menu Message. “FULL” shows the whole LCD display when powering on. “MSG” shows a easy 2-line Energy On Message.
Choice 39: ROGER
Roger Beep. When enabled, the radio bursts a easy beep tone when the PTT button is launched. This lets customers know you’re completed transmitting. It’s helpful for making certain listeners perceive your transmission was despatched in full, and didn’t minimize out or break.
Choice 40: RESET
WARNING: That is equal to a manufacturing facility reset. The “ALL” operate deletes all saved channels, frequencies, menu choices, and different programming. The “VFO” operate resets all menus choices, but it surely retains saved channels. Now that you know the way all 40 menu capabilities work, proceed to Half 4: Basic Radio Programming (Frequencies and Channels).