Travis Olander 12.20.22
If you happen to’re like most survival-minded people, you’re able to get into Ham radios. And, like 1000’s of newly-licensed technicians, you’ve undoubtedly purchased the hottest handheld radio. It’s favored by outdoorsmen, hikers, and preppers: The Baofeng UV-5R. We’re going over setup and detailed programming with this radio. After utilizing these guides, you’ll have the ability take this handheld radio with you in your subsequent camp, hike, 4×4 tour or hunt, and use it proficiently.
This Information is Half 2 of 5:
NOTE: If you happen to haven’t acquired your Technician License, DO NOT transmit on any frequencies, until it’s an emergency. Learn half 1 of this collection to discover ways to purchase your license.
The Baofeng UV-5R
Like we stated, this handheld unit is arguably the preferred handheld beginner radio. It’s an ideal companion for the outside. It has an extended battery life, good energy and vary, and it may be programmed to transmit and obtain on all UHF and VHF frequencies, together with repeaters and emergency channels.
NOTE: These directions apply to different Baofeng fashions, just like the UV-5X, UV-5G, and BF-F8HP. Rebranded TIDRADIO items are suitable, too.
Energy ON/OFF. To energy the radio, merely flip the amount knob. You’ll really feel a click on, adopted by two beeps and a voice immediate stating whether or not the radio is on Frequency or Channel Mode.
Antenna. The UV-5R makes use of a Male SMA connector. The inventory “rubber duck” antenna works OK, however we advocate investing within the Nagoya NA-771 antenna. This 15.6″ whip tremendously improves vary.
MONI. The small bulb subsequent to the ability/quantity knob is an LED flashlight. You possibly can flip it on, off, or set it to flash by urgent the MONI button under the PTT button. Holding the MONI button turns off the radio’s squelch, or noise filter. This lets you hearken to the chosen frequency or channel with out filtering. That is helpful if the squelch is stopping weak, noisy, or damaged indicators.
Name. Urgent the Name button permits FM radio, permitting you to pick out all the everyday stations you’d usually obtain in your automobile. Holding the Name button journeys an audible alarm beep. We don’t advocate utilizing the alarm.
PTT. The PTT button is push-to-talk. Press the button to transmit, and launch it to pay attention and obtain.
VFO/MR. Use this button to modify between Frequency Mode and Channel Mode. In Freq Mode (VFO, or “Variable Frequency Oscillator”), urgent the UP or DOWN arrows on the keypad, or getting into digits, will help you choose frequencies. In Channel Mode (MR, or “Reminiscence”), urgent the arrows will change between beforehand saved channels. You possibly can program as much as 128 channels. We’ll go over setting that up later.
A/B. The UV-5R can monitor and obtain on two channels or frequencies at a time. When one receives a transmission, the radio will mechanically change to that channel or freq. This auto-switching might be turned off within the menu, which we’ll cowl later. You possibly can select which line you want to transmit on, or hearken to, by urgent the A/B button.
BAND. The BAND button shouldn’t be current on newer fashions. In VFO Mode, urgent this button switches between VHF and UHF modes. This button is, frankly, ineffective. Disregard it.
Keypad. The keypad is multi-purpose. It lets you enter channels and frequencies, and make modifications to how the radio operates by way of the MENU button. The EXIT button returns to the principle display screen. Every button has a secondary operate. Most are menu shortcuts. Blue textual content signifies what every secondary operate does. For instance, the # button additionally features as a keypad lock to forestall unintended button presses.
Battery. The battery clicks onto the again of the radio. The manufacturing facility battery is comparatively small at 1800 mAh. I upgraded my unit to a 3,800-mAh unit. On low energy, the upgraded battery can present days of steady use.
Programming port. You would possibly’ve seen people referencing software program referred to as “CHIRP.” This requires a proprietary USB connector that plugs into this port. We’ll cowl methods to program the radio utilizing a PC and CHIRP in a later information. You possibly can program almost each operate required to make use of the UV-5R with the keypad. That features saving channels and repeaters.
Testing Your Radio Out of The Field
The UV-5R’s menu is intensive. Let’s go over primary use by testing our radio by listening in on a Nationwide Climate Service (NOAA) channel. The NOAA channels nationally broadcast climate data. To check this, we’re going to make use of the frequency 162.400.
Coming into a Frequency in Your Radio
Let’s hold it easy and enter a frequency with out establishing a saved channel. Earlier than doing this, know that it’s unlawful to broadcast on the frequency we’re about to tune into. This instance is just for receiving and listening.
- First, energy on the radio by rotating the amount knob.
- Place the radio in Frequency Mode by urgent the VFO/MR button.
- Press the A/B button to pick out the highest line on the principle display screen.
- Utilizing the keypad, enter the NOAA frequency by typing 162400.
- The frequency will save. There isn’t a have to press every other buttons.
- Together with your antenna’s linked would possibly instantly hear transmission. On this case, climate reviews.
- If you happen to don’t hear something, that’s OK. Chances are you’ll be out of vary. Being indoors can even scale back the sign.
That’s all there may be to it. You’ve efficiently used your beginner radio! There are numerous different helpful frequencies, together with six different NOAA frequencies you’ll be able to tune into.
Saving Channels Is The Higher Technique
As a substitute of making an attempt to recollect and key in frequencies, it can save you them in your radio as channels. Observe Half 3: Navigating the UV-5R Menu to proceed.